Collagen is a structural protein present throughout the body, including the skin, organs, and bone. Collagen exists as many different types, depending on where in the body it is found, design to support a specific function.
The main types of collagen that can be found in the skin are collagen type I and III1. Collagen helps to provide structure and strength to skin, by providing integrity, firmness, and elasticity.
As we age, we begin to lose collagen in our skin, leading to visible signs of ageing. Without these key structural proteins, fine lines and wrinkles begin to appear, and the skin will sag with time.
External factors will also play a part in ageing; smoking and ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can damage the skin structures, including collagen, increasing the rate of aging2.
It has been suggested that nutrition has a link the skin aging, and can play a part in slowing the signs of skin ageing3. There are different food groups that could potentially help prevent damage from external factors, such as foods high in vitamins A and E, which can help reduce damage from UV rays and air pollution3. Many vitamin groups and essential nutrients have been suggested to have positive benefits on skin aging.
There are different foods, such as bone marrow broth or salmon that contain compounds or elements that are required for the production of collagen in the body, and can, therefore, aid in natural collagen production.
Surface treatments for the face such as micro-needling with dermarollers or microneedlers can be used to trigger new collagen synthesis4. The superficial piercing of the skin encourages a series of events to occur in the skin, eventually leading to an increase of collagen deposition in the skin4.
Injectables, such as Ellansé are also an option to help stimulate and regenerate collagen in the skin5. Stimulation of the collagen content in the skin is key to the longevity of Ellansé. Ellansé is a unique aesthetic treatment, it provides instant volume and long-term benefits from the collagen stimulation.
1Lovell CR, et al (1987) Type I and III collagen content and fibre distribution in normal human skin during ageing. British Journal of Dermatology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3676091
2Czekalla C, et al (2017) Impact of Body Site, Age, and Gender on the Collagen/Elastin Index by Noninvasive in vivo Vertical Two-Photon Microscopy. Skin Pharmacology and Physiology. https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/477854
3Schagen S. K. (2012) Discovering the link between nutrition and skin aging. Dermato Endocrinology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3583891/
4Singh A, Yadav S. (2016) Microneedling: Advances and widening horizons. Indian Dermatology Online Journal https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976400/
5Moers-Carpi MM, Sherwood S. Polycaprolactone for the correction of nasolabial folds: a 24-month, prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial. Dermatologic Surgery 2013;39 (3 pt1):457-63
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